Do you know how to take care of different types of fabrics? And what all the symbols on your washing labels mean? Find out everything you need to know on cotton, viscose, polyester and more.
WHAT IS DENIM
Denim is a really strong, twilled cotton fabric. The cotton yarns are twisted into a rope and immersed in an indigo dye bath. This gives denim its (dark) blue color. The weaving technique (twill weave) used for denim makes it a very strong fabric. With a twill weave one white thread is interwoven with one or more colored threads. This makes the fabric lighter on the inside than the outside.
POSITIVE QUALITIES OF DENIM
Denim is very strong, forms to your body and wears off in a beautiful, characteristic way.
HOW TO CARE FOR DENIM
Always follow the instructions on the washing label on the inside of the garment when washing denim.
- Wash denim as little as possible. Hang the garment outside or put it in the freezer overnight to kill bacteria and make unwanted odors disappear.
- Wash denim with buttons and zippers closed to prevent damage.
- Wash denim inside out.
- Do not hang denim in full sun to prevent discoloration.
- Always wash denim before you hem it.
WHAT IS COTTON
Cotton is a soft fiber that grows from the seeds of the cotton plant. Cotton fibers are two to five centimeters long and are spun into yarn. Cotton is the most commonly used natural fiber in textile production, due to the different positive properties and application possibilities.
POSITIVE QUALITIES OF COTTON
Cotton breaths, absorbs moisture, can withstand heat, and is easy to maintain.
HOW TO CARE FOR COTTON
Always follow the instructions on the washing label on the inside of the garment.
- Do not let cotton dry in the sun to prevent discoloration.
- Wash cotton separately the first time you wash it, because the color may run.
WHAT ARE LEATHER AND SUEDE?
Leather is a natural product that comes from the skin of animals, such as cows or calves. Before leather can be used for clothing, it is tanned. Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather. Here the proteins in the skin are made insoluble, protecting it from spoiling. The method of finishing differs depending on the type of leather. Leather is made from the outside of the animal skin, and suede from the inside.
Leather breathes, is waterproof, and lasts a long time.
Suede breathes, is a bit warmer than leather, and has a luxurious look
HOW TO CARE FOR IT
Leather and suede cannot be washed in the washing machine. Take your clothes to the dry cleaner.
- Always impregnate your suede item with a dirt and moisture repellent spray.
- Remove dirt from leather and suede with a special brush.
WHAT IS POLYESTER
Polyester is a synthetic petroleum-based fiber, and converts PET polymers into textile fibers through a chemical process. PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) is also used, for example, for the production of plastic bottles. Polyester is not biodegradable, but can easily be recycled because of its synthetic properties. We therefore use sustainable, recycled polyester often in our clothing. The quality of polyester unjustly has a bad reputation. Polyester is easy to maintain and easily processed to make clothing stretchable, dirt-repellent and even waterproof. The strong fibers also make the fabric long lasting.
Other synthetic fibers based on petroleum are, for example, nylon, acrylic and polyamide.
POSITIVE QUALITIES OF POLYESTER
Polyester is strong, colorfast, quick drying, light, wear-resistant, and as good as wrinkle-free.
HOW TO CARE FOR POLYESTER
Polyester can be washed without problems. Follow the instructions on the washing label on the inside of the garment nevertheless.
- Dry polyester clothing in the air and not in the dryer. Polyester clothing dries very quickly because the fibers hardly absorb water.
- It’s not necessary to iron polyester clothing. If you do it anyway, make sure that the fabric does not melt. After all, polyester is made by means of a melting process.
- Use as few pegs as possible when hanging polyester. Pegs can leave prints in your garment.
WHAT IS TENCEL
Tencel is a brand name of the natural synthetic fiber Lyocell. Just like with viscose and rayon, Tencel is made of wood pulp. The difference lies in dissolving the wood fibers. The production of Tencel / Lyocell takes place via a closed system whereby water and solvents are recycled. The chemical products that are used to process wood pulp into yarn do not end up in nature and the waste water that is eventually released is harmless. In addition, the original raw material, wood, comes from a responsibly managed forest with FSC certification that stands for responsible forest management. Tencel has received the European Ecolabel, which means it’s made in a responsible way.
Clothing made of Tencel is skin-friendly (due to its naturalness), has very good moisture and heat regulation, a beautiful silk-like shine, falls smoothly, and is completely biodegradable. In addition, it is easy to wash and hardly shrinks and wrinkles.
HOW TO CARE FOR IT
Always follow the instructions on the washing label on the inside of the garment when washing Tencel.
- Be careful when you iron Tencel clothing. Don’t use the iron’s hottest temperature to avoid burning the fabric.
- Tencel will shrink about 3% with the first washing and will resist shrinking from then on.
WHAT IS VISCOSE?
Viscose is a semi-natural fiber: it’s made from natural wood fibers, but processed into a wearable fabric through a chemical process. The reason that viscose is a popular material is because it combines the qualities of natural and synthetic fibers. The fabric is absorbent and breathable, and suitable for printing with different colors and prints. Viscose is a versatile fiber that can be processed into various fabrics such as jersey, modal, artificial silk and crepe.
GOOD QUALITIES OF VISCOSE
Viscose absorbs moisture, breathes, is lightweight, falls smoothly and is colorfast.
HOW TO CARE FOR VISCOSE
Always follow the instructions on the washing label on the inside of the garment when washing viscose.
- Do not rub or brush the fabric if it’s wet, it may damage the fibers.
- When you wash viscose, it can shrink 4-8%. Iron your garment to retain its original form. The fabric can also run out while you wear it. Try to see what works best for your garment.
- Dry viscose in the air, but not in the sun.
- Do not use bleach to clean viscose, but normal detergent.
WHAT IS WOOL?
Wool is a completely natural fiber: it consists of the hairs of animals, like sheep and goats. These hairs are very soft and thin. We mainly use the wool of sheep in clothing.
Before wool is spun, the wool fibers are stripped (carded). During spinning, the fibers are twisted together, creating a strong wool yarn. The reason that wool works well against the cold is because there is a lot of stagnant air between the curled fibers. Because the air is retained between these fibers, wool is a good thermal insulator.
It’s impossible to prevent wool from pilling. This doesn’t mean that the garment is of poor quality. When a piece of clothing forms more pills than the other has to do with the length of the hairs of the wool.
GOOD QUALITIES OF WOOL
Wool breathes and insulates, is dirt and water repellent, wrinkle free, self-cleaning and very strong.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF WOOL
Always follow the instructions on the washing label on the inside of the garment when washing wool.
- Wash wool as little as possible. Hang out woolen clothes, or steam them in the bathroom to get odors out.
- If you do want to wash wool, use a small amount of detergent.
- Avoid high spinning settings so that the wool doesn’t stretch.
- Store wool flat
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